What is Sweet Water?
Sweet Water is indescribable. It’s thirst-quenching, clear and crisp. In scientific terms, sweet water has a managed TDS, (Total Dissolved Solids) amount between 80TDS to 120TDS. Between these limits, the water has a quality that tastes slightly sweet, has a few minerals, and will quench your thirst. Remember, very low TDS water shall not quench your thirst (which is why you wish to drink water in the first place). The average municipally-treated water has approximately 300ppm (parts per million) TDS. The EPA recommended limit for TDS is 500ppm. Compare this to ocean water which is commonly over 25,000ppm and you can see why drinking ocean water for any length of time will kill you. If TDS are below 500ppm, the issue is not about how much TDS, but rather what is in the TDS. In other words, what are the dissolved solids in your water. Depending on your geographic location, it’s likely that a significant portion of the TDS is nothing more than typical hardness minerals like calcium, magnesium,There is good TDS and there is bad TDS. Your local municipal will report TDS content.
What is PH in water?
We learned in school that water, or H2O, is composed of hydrogen and oxygen molecules. Neutral water is given a pH value of 7.0. It contains equal amounts of hydrogen ions (H+) and hydroxide ions (OH-). Dissolved chemicals and minerals change the balance of those ions from a perfectly neutral state. Increase the amount of hydrogen ions (H+), and the water becomes more acid (“low pH”). Increase the amount of hydroxide ions (OH-), and the water becomes more alkaline (“high pH”). The further these values rise or fall, the more acid or alkaline the water becomes. Water with below a 7.0 PH value is acidic and over time will damage, dishwashers, faucets, valves, sinks, plumbing fixtures and give water a more bitter taste.
Why is there Chlorine in city water?
Acceptable Chlorine to Water Ratio
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets the regulation standard for drinking water throughout the country. According to the EPA, the acceptable ratio of chlorine to water is four parts chlorine per million of water.
Concerns About Chlorine
Concerns regarding chlorine levels in drinking water surround long-term exposure to the chemical and its potential to cause cancer. The EPA claims that the risk associated with exposure to regulation amounts of chlorine present in drinking water are minute and that the benefits outweigh the risk.
What Chlorine Does
Chlorine is a chemical disinfectant that is added to the drinking water supply to kill bacteria, germs, parasites and viruses that can make people sick. It is administered either in liquid or tablet form.
Once water is delivered to your home via the water pipelines from the water source it is beneficial to remove the chlorine out for your personal use.
What is Hard Water?
Many industrial and domestic water users are concerned about the hardness of their water. Hard water requires more soap and synthetic detergents for home laundry and washing, and contributes to scaling in boilers and industrial equipment. Hardness is caused by compounds of calcium and magnesium, and by a variety of other metals. Water is an excellent solvent and readily dissolves minerals it comes in contact with. As water moves through soil and rock, it dissolves very small amounts of minerals and holds them in solution. Calcium and magnesium dissolved in water are the two most common minerals that make water “hard.”
The hardness of water is referred to by three types of measurements: grains per gallon, milligrams per liter (mg/L), or parts per million (ppm). Typically, the water within Wake County is considered “moderately hard” to “hard.” The table below is provided as a reference.
Grains Per Gallon Classification
- less than 1.0— Soft
- 1.0-3.5— Slightly Hard
- 3.5-7.0— Moteratley Hard
- 7.0-10.5 Hard
- over 10.5— Very Hard
Water over 7.0 grains per gallon will be problematic and need attention.